Kamis, 30 April 2009

SWINE INFLUENCA - FAQ

Swine Influenza

Q1) What is swine flu?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenzaviruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not normally get swine flu,but human infections can and do happen.

Q2) How common and serious is swine flu infection in general?
Like seasonal flu, swine flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to severe.
Between 2005 until Jan 2009, 12 human cases of swine flu were detected in the U.S.
with no deaths occurring. However, swine flu infection can be serious. In September 1988, a previously healthy 32-year-old pregnant woman in Wisconsin was hospitalized for pneumonia after being infected with swine flu and died 8 days later.
A swine flu outbreak in Fort Dix, New Jersey occurred in 1976 that caused more than
200 cases with serious illness in several people and one death.

Q3) Is this particular swine flu virus contagious in HUMAN?
CDC has determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is a new virus subtype containing a combination of gene segments that "previously has not been reported
among swine or human influenza viruses." It is contagious and can spread from human to human.

Q4) What is the current situation in US and Mexico?
As of 26 April 2009, the United States Government has reported 20 laboratory confirmed human cases of swine influenza A/H1N1 (8 in New York, 7 in California,
2 in Texas, 2 in Kansas and 1 in Ohio). All 20 cases have had mild Influenza-Like Illness with only one requiring brief hospitalization. No deaths have been reported.
All 20 viruses have the same genetic pattern based on preliminary testing. The virus is being described as a new subtype of A/H1N1 not previously detected in swine or
humans.
The Government of Mexico has reported three separate events. In the Federal District
of Mexico, surveillance began picking up cases of ILI (influenza –like illness) starting 18 March. The number of cases has risen steadily through April and as of 23 Aprilthere are now more than 854 cases of pneumonia from the capital. Of those, 59 have died. In San Luis Potosi, in central Mexico, 24 cases of ILI, with three deaths, have been reported. And from Mexicali, near the border with the United States, four cases of ILI, with no deaths, have been reported. Investigation is continuing to clarify the spread and severity of the disease in Mexico. Suspect clinical cases have been reported in 19 of the country's 32 states. As of 26 April, the Government of Mexico has reported 18 laboratory confirmed cases of swine influenza A/H1N1.
On Saturday, 25 April, upon the advice of the Emergency Committee called under the
rules of the International Health Regulations, the Director-General declared this event a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

Q5) What about the pandemic risk?
It is likely that most of people, especially those who do not have regular contact with pigs, do not have immunity to swine influenza viruses that can prevent the virus
infection. If a swine virus establishes efficient human-to human transmission, it can
cause an influenza pandemic. The impact of a pandemic caused by such a virus is difficult to predict: it depends on virulence of the virus, existing immunity among
people, cross protection by antibodies acquired from seasonal influenza infection and
host factors.

Q6) What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?
The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human
flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.
Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu. In the
past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in people. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.

Q7) How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others?
People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially
contagious as from 1 day prior to the onset of symptoms to up to 7 days following
illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious
for longer periods.

Q8) How does swine flu spread?
Influenza viruses can be directly transmitted from pigs to people and from people to
pigs. Human infection with flu viruses from pigs are most likely to occur when people
are in close proximity to infected pigs, such as in pig barns and livestock exhibits
housing pigs at fairs. Human-to-human transmission of swine flu can also occur and
the spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in the
same way that seasonal flu spreads; that is, mainly through coughing or sneezing and
sometimes through touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching their
mouth or nose.

Q9) What surfaces are most likely to be sources of contamination?
Germs can be spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move through the air. Germs can be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface like a desk and then touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their hands.

Q10) How long can viruses live outside the body?
We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like
cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks. Frequent hand-washing will help you reduce
the chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces.

Q11) What would the doctor consider when I attend the clinic?
Clinicians would consider the possibility of swine influenza virus infections in patients presenting with febrile respiratory illness who
1. Live in an area where human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) has been
identified or
2. Have traveled to an area where human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) has
been identified or
3. Have been in contact with ill persons from these areas in the 7 days prior to
their illness onset.

Q12) How can human infections with swine influenza be diagnosed?
To diagnose swine influenza A infection, a respiratory specimen would generally
need to be collected within the first 4 to 5 days of illness (when an infected person is most likely to be shedding virus). However, some persons, especially children, may shed virus for 10 days or longer. Identification as a swine flu influenza A virus might require sending the specimen to relevant local health authority for laboratory testing.

Q13) Are there medicines to treat swine flu?
For the ongoing outbreak of the swine influenza infection in the United States and
Mexico, the national and the local authorities are recommending to use Oseltamivir
(Tamiflu) or Zanamivir (Relenza) for treatment of the disease based on the virus’s
susceptibility profile. These antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).

Q14) What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?
There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu. There are everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza. Take these everyday steps to protect your health:
 Avoid close contact.
 Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
 Stay home when you are sick.
If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will
help prevent others from catching your illness.
 Cover your mouth and nose.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may
prevent those around you from getting sick.
 Clean your hands.
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs.
 Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with
germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
 Wear face mask as appropriate
If used correctly, surgical face masks and N95 face mask can help prevent some
exposures, but they should be always used along with other preventive measures,
such as avoiding close contact and maintaining good hand hygiene.
 Practice other good health habits.
Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.

Q15) What is the best technique for washing my hands to avoid getting the flu?
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. Wash with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner. We recommend that when you wash your hands -- with soap and warm water -- that you wash for 20 seconds. When soap and water are not available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers (containing 70% alcohol) may be used. You can find them in most supermarkets and
drugstores. If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn't need water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your hands.

Q16) What is the interim recommendation for facemask and N 95 masks?
When crowded settings or close contact with others cannot be avoided, the use of facemasks or N95 masks in areas where transmission of swine influenza A (H1N1)virus has been confirmed should be considered as follows:
1. Whenever possible, rather than relying on the use of facemasks or respirators,
close contact with people who might be ill and being in crowded settings should be avoided.
2. Surgical facemasks should be considered for use by individuals who enter crowded settings, both to protect their nose and mouth from other people's coughs and to reduce the wearers' likelihood of coughing on others; the time spent in crowded settings should be as short as possible.
3. N95 facemask should be considered for use by individuals for whom close contact with an infectious person is unavoidable. This can include selected individuals who must care for a sick person (e.g., family member with a respiratory infection) at home.

Q17) What should I do if I get sick?
If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been identified and become ill
with influenza-like symptoms, including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat,
nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact their health care provider,
particularly if you are worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will
determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed. If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness to others.

Q18) What are the warning signs that require urgent medical attention?
In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
• Fast breathing or trouble breathing
• Bluish skin color
• Not drinking enough fluids
• Not waking up or not interacting
• Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
• Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
• Fever with a rash
In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
• Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
• Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
• Sudden dizziness
• Confusion
• Severe or persistent vomiting

Q19) Is there a vaccine for swine flu?
Vaccines are available to be given to pigs to prevent swine influenza. There is no vaccine to protect humans from swine flu. The seasonal influenza vaccine will NOT provide protection against the swine H1N1 viruses.

Q20) I have not had the flu shot for 2009, can I get the flu vaccination for
prophylaxis?
In general, the seasonal flu vaccination is recommended for the prophylaxis of human
flu (NOT swine flu), especially in the young and the elderly as well as people with
chronic medical conditions. Having the human flu vaccination in majority of the population would also reduced the chance of having concurrent human and swine flu
in the same individual and thus reduced the risk of further cross matching and mutation of the swine flu virus. Hence, it is still beneficial to have the current flu vaccination. In northern hemisphere including Hong Kong, the new flu vaccine for
year 2010 would usually be available from September 2009. If one decides to have the current vaccine, it would confer protection until September and should still have the new vaccine in September 2009. Since the demand of the 2010 flu vaccines are likely to be high and the supply is tight, one might need to consult the clinician for reservation and pre-ordering of the flu vaccines.

Q21) Can people catch swine flu from eating pork?
No. Swine influenza viruses are not transmitted by food. You can not get swine influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork and pork-products is safe. Cooking pork to an internal temperature of 160°F/70°C kills the swine flu virus as it does other bacteria and viruses.

Q22) What is the government doing for the border control?
Surveillance measures at boundary control points had been stepped up to detect travellers with fever and respiratory symptoms and coming from places where cases
of human infection of Swine Influenza were reported. Airlines had been asked to broadcast health advice messages on all direct flights coming from the affected places.
Passengers with respiratory symptoms are urged to approach Port Health officers at
the Airport for follow-up investigations.

Q23) We are going to USA for business trip next week, what should we do?
The World Health Organization has not advised on any travel restriction yet. People
traveling to the affected places should take precautionary measures. These measures
include avoiding contact with sick people; avoiding touching one's eyes, nose or mouth; wash hands frequently with soap and water or apply alcohol-based hand cleaners. They should also bring along surgical masks for use whenever appropriate.
People who develop respiratory illness within 7 days after returning from the affected places should put on a surgical mask and seek medical consultation from publicclinics and hospitals immediately.

Updated on 27th April 2009
Source: Quality Health

Selasa, 14 April 2009

Rabu, 08 April 2009

SEMUT DAN KEPOMPONG

Di suatu hutan yang rindang, hidup berbagai binatang buas dan jinak. Ada kelinci, burung,kucing, capung, kupu-kupu dan yang lainnya. Pada suatu hari, hutan dilanda badai yangsangat dahsyat.
Angin bertiup sangat kencang, menerpa pohon dan daun-daun. Kraak! terdengar bunyi dahan-dahan berpatahan. Banyak hewan yang tidak dapat menyelamatkandirinya, kecuali si semut yang berlindung di dalam tanah. Badai baru berhenti ketika pagi menjelang. Matahari kembali bersinar hangatnya.
Tiba-tiba dari dalam tanah muncul seekor semut. Si semut terlindung dari badai karena ia bisa masuk ke sarangnya di dalam tanah.
Ketika sedang berjalan, ia melihat seekor kepompong yang tergeletak di dahan daun yang patah. Si semut bergumam, "Hmm, alangkah tidak enaknya menjadi kepompong, terkurung dan tidak bisa kemana-mana".
"Menjadi kepompong memang memalukan!". "Coba lihat aku, bisa pergi ke mana saja ku mau", ejek semutpada kepompong. Semut terus mengulang perkataannya pada setiap hewan yang berhasil ditemuinya.

Beberapa hari kemudian, semut berjalan di jalan yang berlumpur. Ia tidak menyadari kalau lumpur yang diinjaknya bisa menghisap dirinya semakin dalam. "Aduh, sulit sekali berjalan di tempat becek seperti ini," keluh semut. Semakin lama, si semut semakin tenggelam dalam lumpur. "Tolong! tolong," teriak si semut.
"Wah, sepertinya kamu sedang kesulitan ya?" Si semut terheran mendengar suara itu. Iamemandang kesekelilingnya mencari sumber suara.
Dilihatnya seekor kupu-kupu yang indah terbang mendekatinya. "Hai, semut aku adalah kepompong yang dahulu engkau ejek. Sekarang aku sudah menjadi kupu-kupu. Aku bisa pergi ke mana saja dengan sayapku.
Lihat! sekarang kau tidak bisa berjalan di lumpur itu kan?" "Yah, aku sadar. Aku mohon maaf karena telah mengejekmu. Maukah kau menolongku sekarang?" kata si semut pada kupu-kupu.
Akhirnya kupu-kupu menolong semut yang terjebak dalam lumpur penghisap. Tidak berapa lama, semut terbebas dari lumpur penghisap tersebut. Setelah terbebas, semut mengucapkan terima kasih pada kupu-kupu. "Tidak apa-apa, memang sudah kewajiban kita untuk menolong yang sedang kesusahan bukan?, karenanya kamu jangan mengejek hewan lain lagi ya?" Karena setiap makhluk pasti diberikan kelebihan dan kekurangan oleh yang Maha Pencipta.
Sejak saat itu, semut dan kepompong menjadi sahabat karib.

HIKMAH : Sesama makhluk ciptaan Tuhan, janganlah saling mengejek dan menghina, karena siapa tahu yang dihina lebih baik kedudukannya daripada yang menghina. Roda pun berputar, kadang kita di atas, kadang kita di bawah.

Sumber : http://www.e-smartschool.com/cra/002/CRA0020015.asp

Teman Sejati??? - Bagian I



Sering kita menyadari bahwa dalam kehidupan ini kita memerlukan teman sejati, namun memang tidak mudah menemukan teman sejati.
Banyak kriteria yang harus dipenuhi oleh seorang teman untuk dapat dikatakan atau dikategorikan sebagai teman sejati.

Ada yang berpendapat bahwa teman sejati harus memenuhi kriteria tertentu misalnya:
1. dapat dicaci maki terus menerus dan teman tersebut harus diam dan tidak boleh membalas caci makinya.
2. teman tersebut harus dapat memberikan apa yang dimintanya dan harus mau serta mampu melakukan apa yang diminta atau diperintahkan.
3.Teman tersebut harus memberikan dan akan terus memberikan sesuatu walau tidak ditanya atau diminta.
4. Teman tersebut harus mau untuk digunjingkan dengan teman lainnya dan teman tersebut tidak boleh membalasnya serta tidak boleh sakit hati.
5. Teman tersebut boleh ditampar pipi kirinya dan harus mau memberikan pipi kanannya untuk ditampar atau memberikan mukanya untuk diludahi atau ditinju mukanya.
6. Teman tersebut harus diam seribu bahasa dan tidak boleh membalas kalau ekornya diinjak.

Dengan kriteria - kriteria tersebut memang sulit kita untuk menemukan teman sejati, dan hanya anjing saja yang memenuhi kriteria 1 sampai dengan 4, namun anjing tidak dapat memenuhi kriteria ke 5.
Walau demikian, anjing mendapatkan score 67, karena memenuhi 4 dari 6 kriteria sebagai teman sejati.
Oleh karena itu anjing sering kita sebut BEST FRIEND, teman terbaik... dan bisa dikategorikan sebagai teman sejati.

Kriteria 1 : anjing pasti memenuhi kriteria tersebut, karena tidak mengerti apa yang kita ucapkan.
Kriteria 2 : anjing akan mampu memenuhi kriteria ini bila dilatih dengan baik.
Kriteria 3 : sama, anjing akan mampu memenuhi kriteia ini bila kita melatihnya dengan baik.
Kriteria 4 : pasti terpenuhi karena anjing tidak mengerti dan tidak tahu bahwa dirinya digunjingkan oleh karena itu anjing tidak akan pernah sakit hati.
Kriteria 5 : anjing adalah binatang kesayangan yang setia, walau diludahi mukanya, ditendang kepalanya, dia hanya akan berteriak kaing - kaing lalu pergi... tapi akalau terus menerus diperlukan seperti itu.... gimana jadinya
Kriteria 6 : Anjing TIDAK DAPAT memenuhi kriteria ini. Kalau tidak percaya, coba saja ekor anjing anda injak, apa yang terjadi??? Anjing tersebut dengan sontak berteriak KAING! dan menggigit anda.

Kita perlu menggaris - bawahi kriteria 5 dan kriteria 6. Betapapun setianya anjing kalau terus menerus dipukuli, suatu hari dia akan menggigit tuannya. Di kemudian hari anjing tersebut akan selalu menghindar dari tuannya. Kenapa? Karena dia tahu tuannya marah dan dia tidak ingin berjumpa lagi dengan tuannya karena dia tidak mau lagi untuk dipukul atau menjadi sasaran atau menjadi pelampiasan ketidakpuasan tuannya.
Anjing paling sensitif dengan ekornya, anda boleh memukul dibagian tubuhnya yang lain, namun jangan sekali-kali menginjak ekornya, bila anda menginjak EKORnya... anda akan merasakan taring tajam sang anjing plus RABIES.

Jadi, menurut anda siapakah teman sejati anda? Karena saya tidak dapat memenuhi kriteria tersebut di atas maka saya tidak dapat dikategorikan sebagai teman sejati dan lagi pula saya juga bukan anjing.

Namun perlu saya sampaikan bahwa DOG IS MY BEST FRIEND and I never bit him even he bite me. I LOVE MY DOGS.

So.... carilah anjing yang setia bagi anda, namun pesan saya janganlah anda menyakitinya, sayangilah dia sebagai mana anda menyayangi anak anda.
Jangan perlakukan semena-mena walau dia tidak tahu yang anda bicarakan.
Jangan memukulnya, walau anda tidak menginjak ekornya.
Jangan menginjak ekornya, karena dia pasti menggigit anda.

Kalau anda ingin mencari teman sejati yang berujud manusia, pastikan memenuhi kriteria 1 s/d 6 sebisa mungkin memenuhi score 67 seperti score yang didapat oleh sang anjing. Namun, jangan anda egois .... sebelum anda menentukan kriteria seperti di atas, anda pun seyogyanya memenuhi kriteria 1 s/d 6, paling tidak memenuhi kriteria 1 s/d 4. Kalau anda sendiri belum dapat memenuhi kriteria 1 s/d 4, maka seyogyanya anda tidak berkoar-koar untuk mendapatkan "TEMAN SEJATI", karena kalau anda tidak dapat memenuhi kriteria yang anda syaratkan atau kriteria 1 s/d 4, maka andapun juga BUKAN TEMAN SEJATI.

Anda ingat pepatah "Semut di seberang sungai terlihat, namun gajah di pelupuk mata tidak terlihat"?? Andakah itu?? Semoga saja bukan anda.

Selamat mencari dan menemukan teman sejati dengan kriteria - kriteria tersebut di atas.

Rabu, 01 April 2009

Bontang: Dua Tahun 11 Kg Sarang

Bontang: Dua Tahun 11 Kg Sarang
Oleh trubusid_admindb
Rabu, April 01, 2009 11:27:25


TUJUH TAHUN SILAM HANYA ADA SEGELINTIR RUMAH WALET DI BONTANG, KALIMANTAN TIMUR. JUMLAHNYA KINI MELESAT HINGGA 100 RUMAH. MUSABABNYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI SARANG SANGAT FANTASTIS. SETIAP RUMAH DALAM 2 TAHUN RATA-RATA BERPRODUKSI 1.300 SARANG ATAU SETARA 11 KG.

Pencapaian produksi itu hampir sama dengan di Metro, Lampung, ketika mulai jadi sentra. Dalam hitungan tahun, produksi sarang sudah mencapai puluhan kilo dari rumah berukuran 10 m x 12 m setinggi 2 lantai. Itu artinya peningkatan produksi jauh lebih tinggi ketimbang rumah-rumah walet di Jawa seperti di Haurgeulis (Indramayu, Jawa Barat), Cilamaya (Jawa Barat), Pekalongan (Jawa Tengah), dan Sedayu (Jawa Timur) yang rata-rata 5-7 kg untuk rumah berumur 2 tahun.

Bontang memungkinkan menjadi sentra walet potensial karena populasi walet cukup besar. Sementara jumlah rumah walet masih terbatas. Di Kota Minyak itu areal pesawahan terbentang luas dan kelestarian hutan terjaga baik sehingga menjadi tempat persinggahan nyaman bagi walet. Lihatlah saat matahari mulai meninggi, burung-burung pemakan serangga itu terbang rendah menyambar pakan dari rumpun-rumpun padi. Sebagian lagi terlihat 'bergerilya' di pinggiran hutan mengerubungi pohon akasia yang mengeluarkan kutu pakan favorit si liur emas.

Sejatinya sebelum 2000-an di Bontang tidak terdapat komunitas walet. Diduga walet datang dari wilayah Kabupaten Berau-berjarak kurang lebih 100 km dari Bontang-mereka bermigrasi lantaran lingkungannya terusik. Berau selama ini dikenal sebagai sentra walet gua. Namun, karena pemanenan sarang yang serampangan, Collocalia fuciphaga itu banyak yang meninggalkan Berau.

Salah desain
Berkah dari walet migrasi itu dirasakan seorang pemilik rumah walet di pinggiran kota Bontang. Setiap kali panen dari rumah berukuran 8 m x 10 m setinggi 3 lantai, ia memanen 3.000 sarang. Menurut perempuan yang tidak mau disebut namanya itu, rumah dibangun 4 tahun lalu. 'Ketika rumah selesai dibangun, yang masuk langsung walet,' tutur Ir Lazuardi Normansah, konsultan di Jakarta Barat yang berkunjung ke Bontang pada November 2008. Sarang yang dihasilkan pun putih, lebar, dan tebal.

Menurut Lazuardi rumah-rumah yang sudah berumur di atas 2 tahun berproduksi rata-rata 10-11 kg. Dengan sekitar 50 rumah yang berproduksi tinggi-panen tidak berbarengan-setiap minggu terkumpul tidak kurang dari 100-150 kg sarang walet di Bontang. Sarang-sarang itu kemudian dibeli oleh para pengepul dari Balikpapan, Kalimantan Timur. 'Harganya naik-turun sesuai pasaran,' katanya. Sekarang berada di posisi Rp11-juta/kg.

'Jika tata ruang rumah walet diperbaiki, hasil produksi bisa ditingkatkan,' tutur Lazuardi. Ia melihat kondisi beberapa rumah walet di Bontang salah desain. Akibatnya, produksi tidak maksimal. Bahkan sebuah rumah walet berukuran 6 m x 13 m yang terletak 20-30 km dari kota Bontang, sudah 3 tahun tidak berpenghuni. Sementara rumah-rumah walet di sekitarnya menghasilkan puluhan kilo sarang.

Berdasarkan pengamatan Lazuardi kondisi ruangan rumah walet itu terlalu gelap. Ini membuat walet kesulitan memasuki ruangan demi ruangan. Mengatasinya, 'Cukup diberi lampu 5 watt,' ujarnya. Selain itu suhu ruangan terlalu panas: 33oC karena lubang angin berdiameter 10 cm banyak yang disumbat. Idealnya suhu ruangan rumah walet 28-29oC dengan kelembaban lebih dari 80%. 'Jika sumbat dibuka, walet pasti bisa tinggal lebih nyaman,' Lazuardi meyakinkan.

5 kali lipat
Meski populasi walet di Bontang banyak, untuk memancingnya masuk rumah, para pemilik tetap menggunakan CD suara walet. Speaker pemanggil walet ditempatkan di atas atau di bawah lubang keluar-masuk dan di tengah ruangan agar bisa terdengar di semua sudut. Lubang keluar-masuk sebaiknya dibuat 2 buah, misal dari arah utara dan barat. Maksudnya agar walet bisa leluasa memilih jalan keluar-masuk yang dianggap nyaman. Idealnya ukuran lubang keluar-masuk 20 cm x 80 cm untuk yang di utara dan 30 cm x 100 cm di barat.

Lalu soal sirip, bilah papan untuk menempelnya sarang. Di Bontang banyak pemilik rumah walet menggunakan kayu meranti. Kayu ini dipilih karena lebih kuat ketimbang sengon dan ketersediaannya melimpah. Sirip selebar 20 cm itu dipasang membentuk persegi empat dengan panjang 2 m. Jarak antarsirip maksimal 30 cm. Lebih dari itu burung merasa tidak nyaman sehingga malas membuat sarang.

Selain bentuk bangunan, teknik-teknik budidaya walet di Bontang pada dasarnya sudah mengadopsi teknik modern di Jawa dan Sumatera. Maklum sebagian investor yang membangun rumah walet di sana adalah para praktisi di Pulau Jawa, seperti Cirebon dan Surabaya. Mereka menjadikan Bontang sebagai ladang bisnis setelah Pontianak dan Ketapang, di Kalimantan Barat dianggap jenuh. Berdasarkan pengamatan Harry K Nugroho, praktikus di Kelapagading, Jakarta Utara, kini di Pontianak ada sekitar 500 rumah walet dan di Ketapang 400-500 rumah.

Sebelumnya kedua kota itu menjadi sasaran pebisnis walet. 'Dulu Pontianak dan Ketapang mendapat limpahan walet dari Kalimantan Tengah yang habitatnya rusak akibat kebakaran dan penebangan hutan,' kata Harry. Sekarang giliran Bontang yang jadi sasaran pebisnis walet.

'Dibanding Samarinda dan Balikpapan, populasi walet di Bontang memang lebih tinggi. Jumlahnya mencapai 3-5 kali lebih tinggi daripada Samarinda,' papar Lazuardi. Kendati begitu, Samarinda dan Balikpapan tetap menjadi lokasi incaran bagi yang ingin membangun rumah walet di Kalimantan Timur. Buktinya, 'Pada 2008 banyak bermunculan rumah walet di Balikpapan dan Samarinda,' ujar Vianny Cin Hiong, konsultan di Jakarta Barat. (Lastioro Anmi Tambunan)